Linux Commands – Quick Cheat Sheet

Having a quick cheat sheet is quite handy.

Manual

See the manual for command:

man

User

To find the current user:

whoami

To change the password:

passwd

To switch users:

su

To add a user:

adduser
/etc/passwd, /etc/shadow

To run as a sudo admin:

sudo [command]

Directory/File

To find the current working directory:

pwd

To change directory:

cd

cd ..

cd ~/Music
Use single tab 
Use double tab (to see the possible folder/file name)

To list the directory:

ls -la --Finding hidden folders

To create a directory:

mkdir 

To remove a directory (recursive):

rm dir-rf

Copy file:

cp

Remove file:

rm

To find the file/folder:

locate

Update the database for use in “locate” command:

updatedb 

Create a text file:

echo "Hi!" > test.txt 

To view, create, and edit file:

echo

cat

replacing vs appending (> vs >>)

touch

nano

gedit

Permission

drwxr-xr-x – first digit (d means directory, – means file), 2-4 digits – permission for owner, 5-7 digits – permission for group members, 8-10 digits – permission of other user

Change access:

chmod

chmod 777 -- Giving full access

Network

To find IP local machines:

ifconfig

To find a wireless networking interface:

iwconfig

To ping:

ping

To display and modifies the Internet-to-adapter address translation tables used by the Address in Networks and communication management:

arp 

arp -a

To monitor for connections over the network:

netstat

netstat -ano

To do route:

route

Services

To start and stop service:

services 

To spin up a web server for Python:

phyton -m SimpleHTTPServer 80 

phyton -m SimpleHTTPServer 8080

To enable or disable on boot:

systemctl 

Installing and Updating Tools

To update and upgrade:

apt-get update && apt-get upgrade

To install “git”:

apt-get install git

The End

Congratulation on reaching the end of this post. We hope we have shed some light on outlining the Linux commands – a quick cheat sheet.

We write this so that this is not a fixed article. Like in this journey, we learn as we go and re-write some parts, so please keep pinging with this article.

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